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Catalog Headings

Main Citation Information

EBBA ID: An internal identifier. Each individual ballad in the archive has a unique five-digit EBBA ID.

Collection ID: A combination of the collection name and holding institution shelfmark.

Title: A diplomatic transcription of the ballad title as it appears on the ballad sheet. The title consists of all ballad text before the first lines of the ballad, including verse headers but excluding text recorded elsewhere under other catalog headings (such as the license or author, date, publisher and printer imprints).

Date Published: The year—or, in most cases, range of years—during which EBBA believes the ballad to have been published. See "Dates."

Author: The recognized author of the ballad in cases where an indication of authorship has been printed on the ballad or or when identified by the ESTC from external sources (e.g., Wing or Rollins).

Standard Tune: The standardized name for the melody (according to Claude M. Simpson or other reliable sources). Clicking the standard tune name will return all ballads with the same melody, including alternate tune titles.

Imprint: A diplomatic transcription of the printing, publishing, and/or location information as it appears on the ballad sheet.

License: A diplomatic transcription of the licensing or permission information as printed on the ballad.

Collection: The name of the holding institution and collection to which the ballad belongs.

Page(s): For ballads bound in a book, the citation page lists the volume number, when applicable, and the page number within the bound volume.

Location: The name of the holding institution.

Shelfmark: The shelfmark assigned by the holding institution.

ESTC ID: The Citation Number for the English Short Title Catalogue (ESTC). Click the number for a direct link to the full ESTC citation for any given ballad (or enter the number at Please note that some ballads are not yet entered into the ESTC.

Keyword Categories: The keywords from EBBA’s standardized keyword list that best describe the ballad’s theme and content.

Pepys Categories (Pepys Only): The categories to which Samuel Pepys assigned the ballads in his collection.

MARC Record: A link to our MARC-XML records. MARC is the international standard by which libraries provide digital records of their catalog entries; XML is a markup language designed to store data and to be both human- and machine-readable.

Additional Information

Title: The ballad's title as printed on the sheet. Separate titles are included for multi-part ballads.

Tune Imprint: Tune title(s) as printed.

First Lines: A diplomatic transcription of the first two lines of the ballad text proper, below any heading information included in the title or elsewhere under other catalog headings.

Refrain: Repeated lines at the end of or within ballad stanzas.

Condition (Pepys Only): Description, from Weinstein, of ballad sheet damage and the current state of the sheet.

Ornament (Pepys Only): A list of decorations, from Weinstein, made of cast metal that appear on the ballad. Frequently used to fill empty spaces in the forme and/or to delimit parts of the ballad text; these ornaments include vertical rules, horizontal rules, and cast fleurons.

Notes: Information not immediately apparent from the ballad sheet, such as when the ballad has been printed on the same sheet as another ballad; transcriptions of marginalia; information gleaned from other sources (such as the ESTC); important connections among ballads; supplemental information about a ballad, such as where to find missing parts; or other useful information our users might appreciate.